Tuesday, September 3, 2013

Bauhausgebäude Dessau

The Bauhaus in Dessau, the epitome of modern architecture, is characterized by clear facade structures, large expanses of glass with delicate frame profiles, with the effect being “die außenwand des werkstattbaues ist ganz in fenstersprossen mit spiegelglas verglasung aufgelöst” (Gropius, 1930). The Bauhaus building is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, built in the years, 1925-26 by Walter Gropius.
The Building complex of the Bauhaus in Dessau, consisting of five main parts - Workshop building, the technical college, the auditorium and canteen, the bridge, and studio - was built on the ideas of
Walter Gropius, the director of the Bauhaus, 1919-1928, in the year 1925/1926 and inaugurated in December, 1926.
The Bauhaus building possesses architectural clarity, physicality, transparency and modernity, a synonym of the modern building, groundbreaking for the construction in 20th century and outstanding in its uniformity. The structure of the building manifests functional areas supported by a usage-related form and facade design. In the upper levels of the full- glazed workshop wing one is constantly impressed by the delicacy and transparency of the impressive early form of the curtain wall, regardless of the 1976 reconstruction with changed profile strengths. The north wing with its continuous set ribbon windows served as the commercial vocational school. 

The Studio building with its perforated facades facing east and west contains 28 residential ateliers.
I wrote a paper about the recent reconstruction of the steel windows in this building.  http://www.academia.edu/4187937/Steel_Window_Reconstruction_at_the_Bauhaus_Dessau
For the paper, I researched and documented the manufacturer of the original windows in an attempt to understand the 1926 'bauzeitliche' fenestration features that had been so influential on subsequent designs.  It is a nice paper, about an interesting, although very technical, subject.

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